When are you convinced you know how to do something? When you have actually done it, right? YES
Did you do it right the first time? NO
If you failed, did you hope the consequences were not severe? YES Tests are not the place to expect mild consequences.
Did you prefer quick and correct feedback on your errors while you remember what you did? YES
Did you have to work to get it right? YES
Do you feel good when you have succeeded? YES
I would argue that working through such a process of learning is one of the best self-esteem builders.
If you answered like I did, HOMEWORK is a prime case-in-point!
Pressure tests often become the place a student does it (wrong) for the first time. Teachers then give makeups and have extra credit to compensate for failures. Students more often than not do not recognize that a wrong answer on any school work is a command to figure out the right answer. Students often receive graded work more than one day after turning it in. I would guess that for more than half of the graded papers insufficient time is allowed to cover all missed answers. One reason might be that to stop and correct all work would slow classes down to the point of not covering half the work of a school year.
Would LESS be MORE here? Would thorough correction be a way to learn skills for self-checking and encourage mental habits for dealing with mistakes in life?